How to apply for asylum in Spain

To apply for asylum in Spain:

When you enter the territory of Spain at:

portsairports and;

at the land borders of Ceuta and Melilla and;

In the Immigration Detention Facilities (CIE).

Tell the police or Civil Guard you seek refuge. An interpreter may assist if you don’t speak Spanish.

The UNHCR office in Spain is another possible option.

You can contact the UNHCR:

  • By phone: 91 077 21 50 from Monday to Friday, from 9:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

If you are in Ceuta or Melilla and need to contact UNHCR, please call the number below:

For Ceuta asylum and international protection questions:

  • call +34 603 43 54 50.

For Melilla’s asylum and international protection questions:

  • call +34 699 577 360

They’re available in:

Monday through Friday, 9:30 am to 2:00 pm.

Languages support Spanish, Arabic, English, and French.

Who can apply for asylum in Spain

Can apply for asylum any person who:

Have a fear of persecution based on ethnicity, social group, gender, race, religion, nationality, or political beliefs; you can’t get protection from your home country because you’re outside.

You had to leave your country or current residence because your safety, freedom, or life was at risk due to widespread violence, foreign aggression or occupation, terrorism, internal conflicts, massive human rights violations, or any other severe disruption of public order.

Who the refugees are

People who are considered refugees are people who have been forced to leave their place of origin or permanent residence for:

Fear of retaliation due to one’s beliefs, race, gender, sexual orientation, nationality, or other identifiers,


Violence, foreign aggression, internal conflicts, massive human rights violations, and other events severely undermined public order.

How to seek asylum in Spain

You can apply for asylum in Spain in three ways:

in Spain;

at a port, airport, or the land borders of Ceuta or Melilla;

in Immigration Detention Facility (CIE) or prison in Spain.

If you are in Spain, schedule an appointment at:

  • Police Station.

Also, you can ask a public defender or an NGO with free lawyers who specialize in your case for free help, or you can hire a private lawyer.

Are you at a port, airport, or the land borders of Ceuta or Melilla?

Tell the National Police or Civil Guard you seek refuge.

Are you in an Immigration Detention Facility (CIE) or a prison in Spain?

Tell the managers of the center that you want to ask for refuge.

The Spanish Territory Asylum Application Process

Schedule an appointment to finalize your Spanish asylum claim. In your first month in Spain, ask for asylum. Authorities may accept late applications, but you must explain why.

Follow these procedures to make an asylum claim in Spain:

Arrange an asylum application appointment

Attention! Starting March 2023, Spain has changed the asylum appointment procedure.

According to government sources, the asylum process is as follows in provinces with the most applications:


Phone: 913 22 01 89/913 22 01 90;

Monday through Friday, from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m., or until all available times are taken.


Phone: 932 90 30 98

Monday through Friday, from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m., or until all available times are taken.


Phone: 649 49 76 59/606 72 89 40

Wednesday from 3:30 p.m. until all appointments are booked.


At this first police visit, your intention to apply for asylum will be documented, and you will get:

a “Declaration of Intention to request international protection”.

This document protects you against expulsion from Spain and identifies you to the Spanish authorities, but it does not start your asylum application or legal period. The “Declaration of Intention” is valid until you formalize your asylum claim.

The interview

After registration, you can formalize the application. So, the next step is the interview.

The interview will be conducted:

By a police officer.

What will be asked

Most of the questions will center on the following:

  • Motives for requesting refugee status.
  • Details on how you arrived in Spain.
  • Your reasons for not returning to your country of origin.

Interview documents: what do you need

You will need:

Proof of identity: ID or passport. Explain if none. No ID stops protection requests. Share ID later. Give two white-background photographs.

Evidence supports your claim. Later, add. Provide details for asylum without evidence.

Prove relationships with kids. Family records, birth certificates, etc.

After the interview, what happens

After your asylum interview, you will get:

Your asylum interview.

You’ll obtain a “HOJA BLANCA” ID. Proof of your Spanish asylum request for further proceedings.

A month till OAR approves asylum processing. All petitions for international protection are reviewed on average.

White Paper provides an N.I.E. Control and administration employ this letter, 7 numbers, and code.

This document is valid till expiration. Two expiration dates are listed in the document:

First is one month:

The first month after asylum request (interview): Get reject notice, ID invalid.

If no rejection notice after a month, White Paper stays valid till the second expiry date in it.

Second expiry:

9 months following asylum request (interview). If no rejection, the ID expires.

White Paper allows employment in Spain after six months following asylum request (interview).

Renew “White Paper” or documentation (“Hoja Blanca”).

At your “Hoja Blanca” (White Paper) renewal or Filing Receipt of the Request for International Protection appointment, you will get a “TARJETA ROJA” (RED CARD). This card replaces “Hoja Blanca” (White Paper).

How can you make the request?

When your “Hoja Blanca” (White Paper) expires:

You must arrange an online renewal appointment using this link.

The decision

The application for asylum is reviewed for eligibility after the interview.

If you receive a positive decision:

You get asylum or international protection.

If you receive a negative decision:

You can appeal.

If your application got approved:

You get a red card indicating you as an asylum seeker.

Reception and Integration System Access

The Spanish government provides reception and integration help for asylum-seekers without enough money for themselves or their families.

This program for welcoming newcomers is run by:

The Ministry of Social Inclusion in partnership with specialized NGOs.

This program has phases, lasts up to 18 months, and can extend to 24 months for vulnerable cases.

How do I enter reception

Contact your province’s reception system entrance organization. First reception by CEAR, ACCEM, or Red Cross. Find your province’s entity below:

In Madrid, email the Cruz Roja (Red Cross):


In Barcelona, contact the SAIER:

Location: Calle Tarragona 141, Barcelona or;

For more information, go to SAIER.

If you live in Álava, Cádiz, Canary Islands, Gipuzkoa, Málaga, Seville, or Biscay, please apply:

Contact the CEAR.

If you live in:

Albacete, Asturias, Ávila, Badajoz, Burgos, Cáceres, Ciudad Real, Córdoba, Cuenca, Guadalajara, Huesca, A Coruña, León, Lugo, Murcia, Orense, Palencia, Pontevedra, Salamanca, Segovia, Soria, Teruel, Toledo, Valladolid, Zamora, Zaragoza.

Contact the ACCEM.

If you live in:

Alicante, Almería, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, Castellón, Girona, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, La Rioja, Lleida, Navarre, Tarragona, Valencia.

Contact the RED CROSS.

Source: Help UNHCR Spain

The above cover image is somewhere in Spain. Photo by Ryunosuke Kikuno on Unsplash


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5 responses to “How to apply for asylum in Spain”

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  2. Margarita

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  3. Fatih

    iltica kampı varmi

  4. Eu sou Moçambicano, natural de Cabo Delgado residente em Mocimboa da praia tive a minha casa totalmente destruída pelos insurgentes e tenho a minha família toda espalhada.
    consegui fugir e o valor que tive comprei a minha passagem vim a Lisboa não tenho família e um amigo recebeu me na Espanha.
    mas gostaria de solicitar o meu asilo e a posteriormente conseguir levar a minha família.
    o medo o receio e a violência que vivi não conseguirei voltar a Mocambique

  5. IEVA

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    that family was brought out of Lithuania, they have already changed their surnames, but they are still in danger. the santara clinic tried so that she would not be treated, she is harmed and despised, that no one believes in her, and this is the result of the santara clinic, and more. hide them forever where she is always warm because her joints hurt, she is afraid of salt. thank you for the urgent help. their names are bronius, antanas, roland, irina luutvini. they live in ukmerges raj, taujnu sen, balleliai azuolo 4-5. if they stay in lithuania it will be the end of them. we are anonymous, for security, but we know everything. please help, take them out of Lithuania urgently.

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