How do schools work in Australia?

Studying in Australia is a tremendous way to further your education and career. The School and Education System in Australia offers a diverse range of study options. International students can also apply for education in Australia. Schooling in Australia is obligatory from the age of five until the age of fifteen or seventeen. It also depends on the state in which you reside.
It begins with a kindergarten or preparatory year and continues for twelve years. It starts from primary through secondary school. The year 12 students study for a government-endorsed credential. It’s accepted by all Australian universities and vocational education and training institutes. It is based on a combination of tests and ongoing assessment scores. Many overseas colleges accept this Senior Secondary Certificate of Education.

How do schools work in Australia?

Schools in Australia consist of three main types of education. Namely Primary, secondary, and university education. All these are specified according to a particular age group.
Indigenous education was Australia’s original educational system. To safeguard the continuity of family legacy and customs. The First Nations clan members verbally communicated their knowledge. It includes spirituality, cultural values, and societal responsibility.
To secure their survival, Aboriginal children were taught skills. They included secure refuge, hunting, collecting, and fishing techniques.

School education (Primary and Secondary)

The schooling is identical with some slight changes between states and territories. Between the ages of six and sixteen, school education is compulsory. A national curricular framework governs secondary school education in Australia.
They teach math, science, history, languages, geography, the arts, health, and physical education. They also teach information and communication technologies, civics and citizenship, economics, and business.

Schooling in Australia lasts 13 years and it has three parts:

  • Primary school – It consists of seven or eight years of instruction. Beginning in Kindergarten/Preparatory and ending in Year 6 or 7.
  • Secondary school – It consists of three or four years of study, from Years 7 to 10 or Years 8 to 10.
  • Senior secondary school – Years 11 and 12 are the two years of senior high education.

Tertiary education

Tertiary education is not only higher education, as education at university. Vocational education and training are all part of tertiary education.

Language of instruction

The core and primary language of teaching in the educational system is English. Many schools also provide bilingual or multilingual programs in other languages. You can choose between French, German and others.

Alternatives to school education in Australia

Students can opt-out to some of the alternatives to schooling education. There are some the education system that you can choose from:

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  • Homeschooling in Australia
  • Distance education in Australia
  • Bush Schools
  • Blended learning

How school education in Australia is different?

The academic year is the most significant distinction. It differs a lot between the Australian and northern hemisphere education systems. The academic year begins in late January or early February. It concludes in December in time for the summer vacation. There are two semesters, four terms, and three two- to three-week holidays between terms. It also includes a six-week break during Christmas. Students attend school Monday through Friday. Saturday morning team sports events are mandatory at many schools. The school day runs from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. in Australia.
The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) sets Australia apart from many other countries. The AQF is a national program that encompasses credentials from tertiary education. AQF also handles further education and vocational education and training. AQF also manages the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. That is the document given at the end of secondary school in Australia.
The AQF has ten levels. They connect school, vocational, and university education into a single national system. As long as you meet some conditions you can move from one level of study to the next and from one school to another. It gives you freedom and choice in career planning. AQF prepares for higher education as well as your professional life.

How long is a school day in Australia?

The school day runs from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. in Australia. Schooling in Australia is obligatory from the age of five until the age of fifteen or seventeen. It also depends on the state in which you reside. It begins with a kindergarten or preparatory year. It continues for twelve years through primary and secondary school. 

Is the school in Australia free?

Government schools teach around 60% of Australian pupils in primary and secondary school. While non-government schools educate approximately 40%. The majority of Australia’s colleges are public. A student loan scheme subsidizes student fees. This requires borrowers to pay when they reach a specific salary level. Australia has created a national system of credentials. It spans higher education, vocational education and training (VET), and school-based education. The Australian Qualifications Framework underpin all this since 1995. A nationwide Australian Curriculum has been designed. It is also implemented for primary and secondary schools.

The cover image is somewhere in Fremantle, Australia. Photo by Henri Pham on Unsplash


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