How does healthcare work in Denmark

Healthcare in Denmark is through the local and central governments. Health services, home care, and nursing are the responsibility of the 98 municipalities. The Danish Government spends 10.4% of GDP on healthcare. All the Danish residents enroll in public-financed health care. This article will help you to understand how does healthcare work in Denmark.

Citizens in Denmark have equal access to treatment, diagnosis, and choice of hospital. These services fall under health insurance group one. Health care services include primary, preventive, specialist, hospital, mental, and long-term care. It also includes children’s dental service care.

Citizens can even buy customized insurance under health insurance group two. Life expectancy in Denmark exceeds the average of the E.U. The life expectancy of Danish citizens is 81.3 years. Whereas Danish women have a higher life expectancy than men. A 65-year-old Danish woman expects to live another 20.7 years and men for another 18 years.

Role of government in healthcare

The national government sets the framework for health services. It takes charge of planning, monitoring care quality, and licensing health care professionals. The government collects taxes and allocated the funding to the regions and municipalities.

Elected councils of five regions are responsible for planning health care services. They play an important role in specialized social care and coordination. The state doesn’t have a direct role in the delivery of healthcare services. The regions own, manage, and finance the hospitals. 80% of the funding in the regions comes from the state and 20% from municipalities.

The general regulations, planning, and supervision of health services include cost control mechanisms. It takes place at the national level through parliament, the ministry of health, and 4 government agencies:

  • The Health Authority provides general monitoring and regulation of quality. It includes measures such as clinical guidelines and licensing of health care personnel. They are usually in close collaboration with representatives from medical societies.
  • The Medicines Agency, regulates market access and pharmacovigilance, among other functions.
  • The Patient Safety Authority handles patient complaints and compensation claims. It collects information about errors to foster systematic learning. Later it provides information about treatment abroad if required.
  • The Health Data Authority handles data collection and infrastructure.
  • The Danish Agency for Patient Complaints.

Role of public health insurance

Public expenditures account for 84% of total health spending. Health care expenditure represents 10.4% of GDP. Denmark includes long-term care services and accounts for total health care spending. Health care financing is by progressive national income tax.

The national government allocates funding to regions and municipalities. The grants and amounts are adjusted for demographic and social differences. These grants finance 77% of regional health functions. A minor part of state funding is tied to priority areas and targets. They usually define the annual economic agreements between the national government and municipalities.

Role of private health insurance

Complementary voluntary health insurance on an individual basis covers statutory co-payments. It is generally for pharmaceuticals, physiotherapy, and dental care. Around 42% of the population has this coverage and is through Nonprofit organizations.

Around 30% of people hold supplementary insurance for physiotherapy and minor elective surgeries. Insurers sell the policies and are for private employers as a fringe benefit. Although some of the public sector employees are also covered. Students, pensioners, unemployed and outside market are not covered by supplementary insurance.

Services covered by insurance

The national public financed health care system covers the following services:

  • primary and preventive care
  • specialist care
  • hospital care, including inpatient prescription drugs
  • mental health care
  • long-term care
  • dental services for children under age 18.

The Best Healthcare Services In Denmark

The best healthcare services in Denmark are by the following hospitals:

Bispebjerg Hospital

The association of this hospital is with the University of Copenhagen. It is also a teaching hospital for medical students. The hospital deals with complex cases, various groups of patients, and surgeries.

Amager Hospital

The main aim of this hospital is to teach medical students. It focuses on divisions such as anesthesia, pediatrics, clinical biochemistry, and surgical gastroenterology.

Rigshospitalet Hospital

One of the biggest and Copenhagen’s most specialized hospitals. It is home to the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences. The funds are by the government and the affiliation is with the University of Copenhagen.

Bornholms Hospital

This is a government-funded hospital affiliated with the University of Copenhagen. This hospital is home to the mental health center. It also provides services for the emergency department.

Rigshospitalet Glostrup Hospital

This hospital is in the Glostrup area, Copenhagen. It is a regional government-funded hospital offering emergency department services.

Is healthcare free in Denmark?

Denmark gives free health care to all the residents which are funded through taxes. They even have an optional private health care sector. This sector is tiny compared to the larger public system used by most of the population.

Is healthcare good in Denmark?

Denmark is one of the wealthiest countries in the world and is known for health care. According to the social progress index, 2017 Denmark ranks first in the world for quality of life. Denmark scored 99.28% for nutrition and basic medical care.

What makes Denmark’s healthcare so good?

Healthcare in Denmark is part of the Danish welfare model. It comprises the principle of solidarity amongst citizens. It is through the right to free healthcare. The state or national government controls regulatory and supervisory power for healthcare.