The National Refugee Commission (“CONARE” for its Spanish acronym) makes decisions on asylum claims that decide whether someone is given international refugee status, and applications are to be filed to the ONR, which is an auxiliary body of the General Directorate for Migration.
All persons who, due to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, and are outside the country of nationality or former habitual residence, can seek asylum at the Dominican Republic’s international borders, maritime ports, airports, or in the capital city of Santo Domingo. All applications will be considered.
All asylum seekers will be asked to provide the following documentation:
- Passport or national identity document.
- Or a sworn declaration before the ONR if these are not available.
- Four passport-style (front) photos.
- Two profile photos taken from the side are required.
- Any documentation that is related to the application.
- This could include reports, attestations, pictures, videos, etc.
- A medical certificate showing that the candidate is free of communicable illnesses.
- The National Department of Investigations granted a certificate of no objection.
Asylum applicants are given a carnet that permits them to stay on Dominican territory for (60) days. The National Commission for Refugees makes a final judgment on their asylum claim. A Technical Sub-Committee will analyze the applicant’s reliability. It investigates the circumstances in the applicant’s place of origin. It determines if the individual fits the 1951 Refugee Convention’s refugee criterion.
How to apply for asylum in the Dominican Republic?
The term “refugee” or “asylum” refers to those who have been compelled from their own country. They are unable to return owing to well-founded grounds or conditions based on:
- Political party membership.
- Being a member of a social group, such as women or people of a certain sexual orientation
- Natural calamity
- The violent situation.
These issues are handled in the Dominican Republic by international accords. They are signed and approved by the country involving political asylum and refuge. It is such as the 1951 Refugee Statute Convention and its 1967 Protocol.
Regulation number 631-11, about the application of Dominican Migration Law number 285-05. In its article 3, outlines the notion of what is deemed a refugee in our legislation. It reads as follows:
For the purposes of applying the Law and its immigration requirements in the Dominican Republic. An individual will be deemed a refugee if they have well-founded concerns of persecution because of:
D) Political party membership.
E) Belonging to particular social groupings.
You are outside the country of your nationality. And are unable or do not want to submit yourself to the protection. That is provided by that country, or you lack nationality. And are unable or do not want to return to where you before resided because you are unable or do not want to due to your fears.
Anyone who can establish one or more of these reasons may apply to the Dominican Republic.
The National Office for Refugees will suggest to the General Directorate of Migration. It is based on the Technical Subcommittee’s earlier recommendation. That a card be provided for the applicant, enabling them to stay in the nation for a time not exceeding 60 days. The card would be renewed until the National Commission for Refugees issued a final decision on the application.
Refugees will be accepted as Temporary Residents (Migration Law, Article 35). After meeting the conditions of the law, they will be eligible to petition for permanent residency.
Article 35 of the Migration Law specifies who may apply as Temporary Residents in the Dominican Republic. and allows both refugees and asylees.