How to apply for asylum in Albania?

An asylum seeker is any migrant who shares his / her desire not to return to his / her country. And also any migrant or stateless person who applied for asylum in the Republic of Albania. Because of which a final choice is not yet made. These are the persons who granted asylum. Those who show fear for race, religion, nationality, and membership because they are in a specific social group in their country of origin. Know more about how to Apply For Asylum In Albania.

How to apply for asylum in Albania?

  • Asylum seekers entering the territory are illegal can not charge for unlawful border crossing.
  •  But provided how they can appear before the relevant authorities. 
  • But that also should be within ten days of their entry.  
  • NHCR is the United Nations High Commissioner for the Refugees.
  • This policy is to help refugees around the world. And you are also helping the Albanian government.
  • To protect and assist asylum seekers and refugees.
  • It also helps asylum seekers in answering their claims to the authorities.

Development of Albanian System

  • The new Constitution of Albania in 1998 stated the right of asylum.
  • And also, the first asylum law of the country passed.
  • It fits the criteria of 1951.
  • And under rules, the OfR accepts asylum applications and performs investigations.
  •  Acts for a first-level cooperative decision-making body.
  • Dismissed Syrian refugees have the option to challenge to theNational Refugee.

Asylum seekers are obliged to cooperate in the asylum procedure with the Directorate for Asylum, by:

  • They are providing valid and accurate information.
  • To present themselves according to official requests to the Asylum Directorate.
  • Presentation of all identity documents in its possession.
  • They are also Informing on any address update.

Obligations of the asylum seekers

Asylum seekers must comply with the Directorate in the process by:

  • Providing real and correct details
  • It is submitting itself according to authorized requests to the Asylum Directorate.
  • Presenting All ID documents
  • Inform about any address change.
Asylum applicant’s rights
The Directorate of Asylum negotiates with the asylum seeker in his rights. From the moment they apply in Albania. 

 Seekers have access to the following admission:

a) A request for asylum must not be returned.  From the time the application submitted to the asylum seeker in his / her country of origin. 
b) The same amount of social welfare as the people of Albania.
c) Accommodation at the Asylum Seekers National Reception Centre.
(d) The free circulation within the territory of Albania.
It subject to the requirements of the National Asylum Seekers Reception Center.
(e) Help to asylum procedures from a trained interpreter.
f) Free legal advice of a refugee lawyer.
g) Contact with UNHCR at any time.
h) the information presented is confidential;
I) Assured residency permits during the ongoing process of assessing refugee status.
j) Links to legal proceedings.
(k) A legal guardian named in the case of underage or mentally ill people.

Development of Albanian Asylum system

The new Constitution of Albania was formed in 1998. It provided the right to asylum and introduced the first asylum law in the world. It usually fulfills the requirements of the Refugee Convention, RSD, and protection. The OfR accepts asylum applications under its rules.

And then performs interviews and is also a first-level decision-making agency. Rejected asylum seekers have the right to appeal to NCR. An eight-member body of two non-governmental bodies. As the Lawyers’ House and the Helsinki Albanian Committee. The OfR and NCR headed by the National Refugee Committee.

Humanitarian catastrophes determined the development of an asylum. The scheme developments are based on individual applications, instead of considering individual cases. The OfR responded to the needs of the government. And also the needs of the international community.

That welcomed and then returned Kosovo as a party. To respond to the refugee crisis. Procedures on RSD and security of refugees started. But a short-lived influx of Albanian refugees set back once again in spring 2001.

In October 2001, with the participation of several actors. The Albanian Asylum Task Force was late formed. It planned to draw up legislation to fix legal loopholes in the integration of refugees—the legislation passed by Parliament in August 2003.

It contains three by-laws drawn up in spring 2002.  The Educational, Healthcare, and Jobs. Their protocols have been set up. A regional NGO started to provide legal aid for refugees. And asylum applicants. In 2003 OfR renamed the Refugee Directory and moved to the MPO.

That is a significant change in the light of the fact that the mechanism is more connected to the police.

Apart from the problem of asylum requests. The Albanian authorities and UNHCR have also been concerned for several years. They are concerned with the question of accommodation and protection for refugees. For years, arrested people, often held at police stations. 

  UNHCR offered support to some local NGOs.  To arrange accommodations for asylum seekers in private homes. The first asylum seeker center was set up in October 2001. In the vicinity of the capital. 

The Albanian government offered an old military barrack. UNHCR received support from the High-Level Working Party of the European Commission.  And then the facility opened in July 2003.

Protection Mechanism

It can now claim that Albania has a modern asylum scheme. But in many ways, it is illusory. And also acts as a facilitator for EU trafficking in human beings. Regardless of their legal status. Refugees, asylum seekers, or illegals. And smuggled individuals seek to avoid interaction with national officials and police. The authorities are only interested if they catch them or want to give up.

A UNHCR-led campaign – carried out by the IOM and the MPO. It aimed at screening those who have come before the authorities. The UNHCR has been introduced.  Pre-screening helps to identify. Those are economic migrants, victims as well as applicants.  And to ensure legal and humanitarian help provided according to their needs.
The inflow was not affected by this system. Many people are advised by smugglers to seek asylum and receive accommodation. A small percentage of them are patient enough.  The majority of smugglers restore broken ties and continue their journey to the West.
So Albania has developed, the aid of the UNHCR and under EU pressure. A system to support illegal immigrants rather than setting up a plan for people in need. Nobody in Albania has given refugee status in recent years.  Over the year 1999. The majority of the 107 people who are being cared for by asylum are Kosovo residues. They all have tough social challenges.

Place In Europe

The asylum policy of Albania was never included within the national agenda.  But the expense of more prospects for EU integration. EU representatives, at a meeting in June 2002. It was declared that any country is concluding EU cooperation agreements.

Must include the requirements on the joint management and mandatory readmission.’ In December 2003, Albania agreed to this condition in its willingness.  To conclude a Stability and Cooperation Agreement with the EU. The criteria for readmission is not only applicable to the people of Albania. But also to immigrants from other countries who migrated from Albania to the EU.

Readmission raises massive problems that are not tackled at the moment. People’s mass return deprive Albania of critical remittance revenues. And while the EU has a strong political and economic influence.
Pressuring countries to sign agreements in the Middle East and Central Asia. It is not clear how Albania will convince Iran, Irak, Pakistan, and Turkey to take their people back.
It impacts the stability of a developing country with high unemployment, through the arrival of large numbers of readmitted asylum seekers.
The authorities hesitate to take such steps towards legislative and administrative reform.  But there are other priorities for the government. There is little that help the refugees and asylum seekers from another country. Instead, it can continue feeding and encouraging human.  Asylum and immigration policies need to reorientate for Albania.


The UNHCR has a field presence to track border developments in the southern border of Greece. Encourage coordination between actors, enhance identification, and asylum references.
In the context of mixed migration flows, researchers with particular requirements.
Partners also fund the north and eastern boundaries of the country. UNHCR and its founders assist the Border Police in maintaining territorial access. It also complements the efforts of the State.
UNHCR communicates with governmental consultations and critical system stakeholders.
UNHCR and its partners are complementary to the national asylum reception program. 
Specialized services and material support for researchers. Especially on Increased demands for asylum. The Centre’s capacity doubled in 2017.
And is now home to 180 people, funded by UNHCR through EU funding. In 2018 there were another 200 seats made usable.  The potential for receipt doubled one year to cope with increased arrivals.
The UNHCR consults on the integration of refugees and asylum seekers. House partners offer Albanian language courses. Advanced training and labor access help, legal and representation therapy. It also collaborates with the Interior Ministry to help refugee naturalization.
Joint Social Working Group authorities resolve defined integration issues. UNHCR is involved with the Interior Ministry. They were providing people access that is supposed to be personal identification numbers and IDs. Persons without proof of nationality and at risk to get legal evidence

A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee their own country due to persecution, conflict or violence. They are unable to return home due to well-founded fears of persecution (due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion, membership of a particular social group) and/or violation of their human rights.

In order to receive refugee or other forms of protection status in Albania, you need to request asylum. While a decision is being made on your case, you will have the status of asylum-seeker.

If you are:

  • a child under the age of 18 travelling without your parents
  • a single parent travelling with children
  • a single woman travelling alone
  • a person with a disability or chronic illness
  • an elderly person
  • a victim of trafficking, or in fear you will be forced to work or perform sexual acts in Albania against your will
  • a person not in a mentally fit stage
  • or if you consider that you, or someone you are traveling with, have other individual circumstances causing a need of special care, support or protection

➡️ Please alert a Border and Migration Police official upon arrival in the country in order to ensure you receive specialised services.

Requesting asylum

Your asylum request should be presented to the Albanian Border and Migration Police. Upon entry in the country, you will be interviewed by one of these officials and you will be asked whether you would like to seek asylum in Albania. Interviews should be conducted in a language you understand, and you have the right to be interviewed individually. You can also declare your intention to seek asylum at any time, to any border official before or during the interview.

Asylum-seekers who enter Albania illegally will not be prosecuted for this offence, on condition they present themselves in front of the Border and Migration Police within 10 days of their arrival in the country.

After you request asylum, you may be accommodated at the National Reception Centre for Asylum-Seekers, another designated place, or at a place of your choice.

If you do not ask for asylum in Albania, and are not in possession of valid travel documents, you will be considered an irregular migrant. It is likely that you will be asked to return to the country you just travelled from within 7 to 30 days, depending on the removal order issued by the Border and Migration Police. If you refuse this, you will be transferred to a closed center.  You have a right to sign documents in relation to your return in a language you understand.

Asylum procedure

The asylum procedure starts by submitting a written asylum application form at the Directorate for Asylum and Citizenship in Tirana. At this point, you will be asked to provide personal details such as your name, address, and nationality. You will also be expected to explain the reasons for which you have left your country and wish to seek asylum in Albania.

The asylum interview is the second phase, during which you explain your reasons for seeking asylum in more detail to a representative of the Directorate for Asylum and Citizenship. It is important to give a full account of what has happened to you and what you fear if you are returned to your country of origin. This interview should take place as soon as possible following the submission of your asylum application.

The Directorate for Asylum and Citizenship should issue a decision on your case within 6 months of the submission of the application. Under certain circumstances, this time limit may be extended, first, for another three-month period, and finally, up to a maximum of 21 months. This decision should be delivered in writing within 5 days of the decision being made.