Foreign & Interior Ministry decides the exile of refugees to Chile. In coordination with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). They also set out an annual target for resettlement.
Cases chosen are on a paper application. When there are fewer than ten cases submitted from each asylum country. UNHCR-Argentina offers the resettlement registration form through the UNHCR Headquarters to the government.
When the number of applications exceeds ten cases. Then the Government selects refugees for resettlement. Applicants chosen are mainly based on UNHCR’s Resettlement Application Forms. By creating a refugee status and resettlement eligibility interviews.
Know Here To apply for Asylum in Chile.
How to apply for asylum in Chile?
Criteria For Eligibility
The person should have accepted by UNHCR. And must be in one of these categories.
If you can qualify for resettlement in Chile:
- Judicial or physical security needs:
If any of these requirements are:
- Threats of forced repatriation.
- That can be immediate or long-term.
- The threat of seized or imprisoned.
- Any Danger to human rights/physical protection.
- That is comparable to under the concept of the refugee.
- And also to the unsustainability of Asylum
Poor and tortured refugees
- For resettlement, refugees are affected by abuse or torture.
- Needed a medical treatment. He/She can be taken into account. And provided enough available medical facilities.
- Women are facing some threats. Like rape, sexual assault, or abuse.
- In physical or psychological terms, without support from their families or community.
Refugees in the first nation without local integration prospects.
- They are classified as refugees for relocation to Chile.
- Only if they stay without being able to settle for a specific time in a country.
Refugees with Special Needs
- Refugees with other special needs, including unaccompanied children or elderly
- The preference given to refugees in Chile will be given to medical cases.
The refugees must meet the conditions to apply for resettlement in Chile. 1951 Agreement on the Status of Refugees Convention/1967. Also, they can not return to or live safely in the country of origin.
The reunification of Family Refugees
In the resettlement quota. A refugee’s family reunites with his / her relatives.
Family members are:
- Spouses, including individual married couples concerning facts.
- Children under 21 years of age.
- Children dependent regardless of their status, biological or adopted
- Dependent elderly parents.
There are no special access requirements.
Processing through Dossier Selection
The Chilean government resettles refugee cases by means of a collection of dossiers.
There are less than ten asylum applications. Registration forms for resettlement are issued.
UNHCR Argentina, through the headquarters of UNHCR, the Chilean government.
The reports were sent to the Department of Foreign Affairs (in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Interior was investigating cases with the Regional Office of the UNHCR.
And the NGO relocation, Produced in 8 weeks if the Ministry agrees on more details.
They will alert UNHCR in particular cases.
The AsylumHeadquarters Early then gives the necessary information. If the authorities of Chile refuse a request for resettlement, UNHCR will request it.
For reconsideration based on any supplementary refugee’s details.
Processing through Country Selection
In Chile, the government chooses refugees in the country for resettlement when the number of files from one asylum country is more than 10.
Selection missions consist of:
- one international department delegate
- One representative of the non-governmental organization.
Applicants sorted by refugee status-
- Eligibility for selection and relocation
- based on relocation interviews
- UNHCR submitted registration forms.
- The collection recommendations
The delegation must be addressed to the Interior Ministry. That will notify the UNHCR. Decisions and documents needed for travel within eight weeks. Initial therapy is also offered to selection missions—the decision on the relocation in Chile.
There are no rapid emergency response protocols yet.
Any refugee is going to get a medical check-up shortly after arriving in Chile. The price of health care and any preexisting condition treatment is taken.
It is considered under UNHCR. And the resettlement NGO organized.
In close collaboration with UNHCR. Travel coordinated by IOM. Travel costs the UNHCR, or any sponsor must be responsible.
All refugees approved for resettlement in Chile. Including family members, they have granted refugee status under the 1951 Convention.
Legal residency for a temporary duration. The refugees will get national identity with this document. Cards that allow them in the country. In the country to earn revenue. It would be best if you had it.
Around two weeks, even during this time, to process these documents. The work as temporary work authorizations is not forbidden for refugees. Refugees can apply for permanent residency after two years.
Permanent residents are entitled after five years of residency to apply for citizenship.
UNHCR has an agreement on the resettlement and integration of refugees. And with the Chilean Government and the Chilean Non-Governmental Organization.
In the resettlement of Chile refugees, the following government ministries involved:
- Health Ministry
- Ministry of Education
- Housing Minister
- Ministry of Finance
- The Foreign Ministry
- The Interior Ministry.
The Vicaria de Pastoral Social in Santiago is the local NGO. And also the leading service provider for refugees. In the field of receiving and integrating James. An interministerial commission with all the members has been set up.
The above ministries and the Social Pastoral Vicariate to promote Refugee entry. That is convened by the Ministry of the Public Program and Services.
They were sponsoring Chilean refugees for relocation, in cooperation with the Chilean Ministry Inside. The sponsor takes charge of the travel and installation arrangements. And also, the inclusion of refugees and dependent citizens resettled.
When ordered by the UNHCR may support the sponsor or selection committee Costs of set-up.
Original party orientation to refugees in the Government of Chile. Asylum Nation, a project of selection for In-Country. Extra guidelines sessions are conducted in groups. And also by the Vicaria de Pastoral Social.
On arrival in Chile.
Topical problems include
- living in Chile
- day-to-day practical knowledge
- Chilean culture and values
- Access to services on health
- Services on education and job
Culture and other information which supports the integration of the refugee. The NGO provides translator services to help contact with refugees when needed.
When you arrive in the country, the Vicaria de Social Pastoral welcomes the refugees to the airport—organizing and providing helpful advice for temporary accommodation. Flüchtlings Housed in a private room reception-house. The semi-private community kitchen and toilets. Housing costs charged during this time.
Vicaria Social de Pastoral must issue the monthly subsistence allowance.
Food, travel, essential hygiene, and other accessories are included. This process takes place.
To allow the refugee to find an adequate job, around 12 weeks.
During the initial phase, they will assist refugees in seeking Permanent residency. Also, provide arrangements with the Housing Ministry. Refugees are given a one-time grant to buy basic furnishings and private accommodation.
And their household products set up. Refugees are eligible for financial services every month. And up to six months of help for housing, food, and travel.
During the initial stay at their temporary home. Refugees undergo health check-ups.
The refugees also are given dental treatment.
Pastoral job in collaboration Vicaria Social. Any special medical care that refugees need with the Ministry of Health.
Refugees have the right to public health facilities for a more extended period. The national people have the same advantages.
Chile has comprehensive private health programs. Many employers provide services through private health insurance.
For adult refugees during the resettlement. Intensive Spanish courses are available. Further language training is available through agreements with other schools.
The government of Chile provides resettled refugees. They offer the same benefits as national citizens, primary, secondary, and tertiary education.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Education facilitates administrative help. As necessary for equivalence and validation purposes by national legislation. University education is private in Chile. Enrolment in university courses is limited due to costs and entry requirements.
Technical degrees need an average of 5 semesters. They do not have the same rigid requirements for enrolment but are also private. Validation of post-secondary degrees and professional titles can be a long process. It also depends upon the ability of the refugee.
To provide the necessary documentation. Such as notarized diploma, transcripts, and course descriptions. The University of Chile is the institution responsible for reviewing the documents. And also accreditation of degrees and titles.
The Ministry of Labor Training and Job Service (SENCE) gives Training to practitioners. It is a professional training department. That handles relocation of the workforce to new jobs throughout the world.
The programs include courses for specific groups. Such as for teenagers, diverse women, and so on. Studies are also available via private institutions. State-recognized as training programs eligible. In general, training courses are short-lived. And must no prior experience to empower people.
Refugees get advice and basic job orientation. That includes jobs, customs, and procedures. As well as universal working standards. The Vicaria Social de Pastoral establishes a network of public and non-profit organizations.
Conventions are in force, providing vocational Training and jobs. Micro-enterprises -Generating income is an important alternative way.
New micro-enterprises, enabling refugees to profit from their talents, Training, and experience.
During the initial time in Santiago, the capital of the country. A person may wish to recognize the refugee’s work experience and expertise. Jobs are accessible in other Chilean cities or towns.