The tourism industry of Afghanistan was developed with the help of government in the early 1970s and is gradually reviving after the decades of war. A valid passport with visa is required for entering into Afghanistan. Afghan embassies issue between 15,000 and 20,000 tourist visas in a year.
It has four international airports i.e. Hamid Karzai, Mazar-e Sharif, Kandahar and Herat. It also has several small airports throughout the country.
Kandahar is the revered home of the Mosque of Sacred Cloak and a city steeped in history. It sits at the crossroads where southern Afghanistan meets the mountains of the country’s heartland. It was the capital Afghan empire during the years of Ahmad Shah Durrani.
This place is filled with mosques, shrines and mausoleums to luminaries. The folk come to see the curious inscriptions of the great Mughal invader Babur which is located just on the edges of the city.
The city of Mazar-e Sharif owes its existence. This place is dream based on which a shrine was built and then gradually the entire city a round. It is known by tourists as the Blue Mosque City. It refers to the Shrine of Hazrat Ali in the center. Mazar-e Sharif is the capital of the Balkh. It is place that historically is a part of several civilizations which also makes it multiethnic.
Balkh has a history back almost 4,000 years. It was here that high up the gaps of the northern ridges of the Hindu Kush,Zoroastrianism and Buddhism first flourished in these reaches. Marco Polo arrived in the 1300s and the town have been razed and rebuilt many times. Memories of its great walls and learning institutions would still have been ripe.
Herat is an ancient city in western Afghanistan. It has several ruins and historical places of interest. For example the Herat Citadel and the Mausoleum of Queen Goharshad. The Friday Mosque has started as early as the year 1,200 AD. It was completed throughout the centuries. Today the Great Mosque has complex still some of its original decoration. Even the majority has been replaced with newer works.
Jalalabad is in the eastern part of the country. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Afghanistan. It has large green areas and surrounded with water. Jalalabad was an outpost for Ahmad Shah Durrani who was the founder of modern Afghanistan. He used the city during his military campaigns in India. The architecture in Jalalabad is very beautiful.
Samangan is an ancient caravan stop. That is on the periphery routes of the old Silk Road. That honor goes to mysterious cave complexes of Takht i Rostam. They carve their way through dusty ridges of the mountains.
These have been built in 4th and 5th centuries. They are adorned with gorgeous Buddhist inlays.