The Means Of Transportation System in Iraq

The Means Of Transportation System in Iraq are very easy and smooth. One can find it almost everywhere. Iraqis depend on what we call nafarat1 which represents a number of minibusses gathering in garages, big garages, where cars go to different directions. You may found cars very easily because most people leave early especially if they have a far ride. Sometimes cars drop you in front of your destinity and other times they don’t; so you may have to walk also for a few minutes. But generally, the transportation system is very convenient and comfortable.


Taxis are abundantly available. We can also say that taxis have changed. Before the first Gulf War honestly, taxis manily used to be yellow or orange, or orange and white. These [yellow] cars were only taxis. But people in ‘91 financial situations worsened after the first Gulf War and the economic embargo was imposed against us, and people stopped painting their cars. You can stop any private car, we call a sedan car a private one, and a taxi is painted as a taxi; so people stopped distinguishing after the first Gulf War as I said and they started to hire any car they see.


  • In 1988 Iraq had two international airports, one at Baghdad and one at Basra. In 1979 a French consortium was awarded a US$900 million contract
  • To build a new international airport at Baghdad. By 1987 the facility was partially completed and in use.
  • The Basra airport was also being upgraded with an extended 4,000- meter runway and other facilities at a cost in excess of US$400 million.
  • A third international airport was planned for Mosul.


  • Iraq possessed two separate railroads at independence, one standard gauge and one meter gauge.
  • The standard gauge line ran north from Baghdad through Mosul to the Syrian border. And to an eventual connection with the Turkish railroad system, and the meter gauge line ran south from Baghdad to Basra.
  • Because the two systems were incompatible, until the 1960s cargo had to be transloaded at Baghdad to be transported between the two halves of the country.


  •  In Iraq, the road would stretch from the Jordanian border through Ar Rutbah to Tulayah near An Najaf. Then to the southern Iraqi town of Ash-Shaykh ash Shuyukh, and finally to the Kuwaiti border at Safwan. Construction was underway in the late 1980s.
  • Plans were also being made for another highway, which would link Baghdad with the Turkish border via Kirkuk and Mosul. There was progress as well on a program to build 10,000 kilometers of rural roads.
  • This is all about the Means Of Transportation System in Iraq.