Transportation in Saudi Arabia includes:
- Airplanes and airports,
- Seaways and ports,
- Railway network.
There’s a time when transportation in Saudi Arabia lacked in almost every part. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has faced many difficulties regarding transportation. In early 1900, Saudi doesn’t have any good kind of transportation source besides roads. But after the discovery of the Crude oil in 1938, it was developed very fast. As of today, Saudi Arabia is the largest source of crude oil all over the world, which also leads to the modernisation of its transportation network.
Transportation in Saudi Arabia
Today, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is having all the modernised transportation network whether it’s a road, air, railroads, marine or any other mode. Here, we will discuss the best transportation for the public.
Airways in Saudi Arabia are very much preferable over all the modes of transportation. Saudi Arabia has five airlines Saudia, Flynas, Flyadeal, SaudiGulf Airlines and Nesma Airlines. Saudia is the government-owned airline in the nation and rest are private. Saudi Arabian Airlines is the best airline in Saudi Arabia is also a world-class airline. They offer first-class, business-class and economy class in its carriers. Saudia is also the third-largest airline in the Middle-East and also operates its flights to the major parts of the world.
Saudi Arabia’s roads gradually became the defining feature of the kingdom’s transportation system, not only because the main population centers are dispersed throughout the country, but also because they faced a major challenge from the country’s geography, which is divided by deserts, valleys, and mountains, among other landforms. As a result, a dependable road network became more important and necessary in the kingdom than other modes of transportation.
Roadways are always referred to as the lifeline of any nation. Road network in Saudi very well established in the nation. Roads in Saudi are built with the most modern techniques in the world. Roadways in the nation are also important due to the fact that the cities in Saudi are very far away. The major part of the nation covered with the desert sand which also a major factor in the development of the roadways. The highways built between the city are a very important project for the Ministry of Transportation implement and also maintained by the ministry itself.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a very extensive waterway despite having any kind of permanent river bodies. Saudi has it’s mostly waterways transport through the canals or wadis (valleys) and through the seas. Seaways are very much considered to be much more economical as compared to the other ways although it takes much more time. Saudi has modern ports which contributes much to the development and also plays an important role in the transportation of the oil. Saudi ports annually ship around 12,000 ships to domestic and international destinations. The waterways and the ports in Saudi operated by the Saudi Ports Authority.
The first Dammam-Riyadh line, 569 km (354 mi) long, was completed in 1951. This line was later converted to only transport freight, with a new, shorter, 449 km (279 mi) line completed in 1985, exclusively for passenger transport. The other passenger line in the kingdom is the Riyadh-Qurayyat line, which connects the capital Riyadh to Ha’il, Majma’ah, the Al Jawf Province, and Jordan via Qurayyat. It is the Saudi rail network’s longest line, and with a feeder line connecting it to the port of Ra’s al-Khair, its total length is around 2,750 km (1,710 mi). The Riyadh-Qurayyat line and the North-South Railway line are used in the North-South Railway line.
The North-South Railway line connects the main line to phosphate and bauxite mining locations in the kingdom’s northern reaches by utilizing portions of the Riyadh-Qurayyat line.
Apart from mass transit systems such as metros, the kingdom’s only high-speed railway line is the Haramain high-speed railway line, which was completed in 2017. The line connects the two Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina via the King Abdullah International Airport in Jeddah and the King Abdullah Economic City. It is 453 kilometers (281 miles) long.