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Kunjani ukuhlala eOstreliya

Ukuze uhlale eOstreliya, kukho izizathu ezininzi ezivakalayo zokwenza oko. Xa kuthelekiswa namanye amazwe, iOstreliya iyagqwesa kwiindawo ezininzi zokuhlala kakuhle. I-Australia inolonwabo oluphezulu, ubudlelwane boluntu, kunye namanqanaba ezempilo xa kuthelekiswa namanye amazwe.

Ungalungela nantoni na ukuba uqwalasela imiba eyakhayo kunye nengalunganga kwangaphambili. Thatha umzuzwana ujonge ukuba kunjani ukuhlala eOstreliya.

Bunjani ubomi

Zininzi izinto ekufuneka uziqwalasele ukuba ufuna ukuhlala eOstreliya:

  • indawo yokuhlala
  • Employment
  • yemozulu
  • Education
  • Indlela eyiyo
  • ukhuseleko
  • Ukhathalelo lwempilo
  • Iindleko zokuphila

indawo yokuhlala

Ukuba uceba ukuhlala eOstreliya, kufuneka wazi apho uhlala khona. Izindlu zibonelela ngekhusi, kodwa zingaphezulu kweendonga ezine kunye nophahla. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ukufikeleleka kwekhaya kuyinkxalabo.

Indawo yokuhlala idla ngokuba yeyona nkcitho yentsapho kumakhaya amaninzi, kuquka irente, igesi, umbane, amanzi, ifanitshala nokulungiswa kwayo. I-Australia ichitha i-19% yengeniso yayo ehlengahlengisiweyo kwizindlu.

Ukuxinana kungonakalisa impilo yabantwana, ubuhlobo kunye nokukhula. Izindlu ezixineneyo zihlala zibonisa amanzi amdaka kunye nogutyulo. Kwakhona, qwalasela iimeko zokuhlala njenge-avareji yenani lamagumbi okwabelwana ngawo ngomntu ngamnye kwaye ukuba amakhaya anezinto eziluncedo ezisisiseko.

Indlu eqhelekileyo yaseOstreliya inamagumbi amaninzi kumntu ngamnye, ukanti i-100% inezindlu zangasese ezigungxulelwa ngaphakathi.

Funda ngokugqithisileyo: 

Uyifumana njani indlu eOstreliya

Urenta njani indlu eOstreliya

Ungayithenga njani indlu eOstreliya

Employment

Ukuba nomsebenzi kuneengenelo ezininzi ezibalulekileyo:

Ingeniso: Ibonelela ngomthombo wemali.

Ukubandakanywa ekuhlaleni: Yenza abantu bazive benxibelelene.

Ukumisela iinjongo: Ikuvumela ukuba ufezekise iinjongo zakho.

Ubuwena: Ikhuthaza ukuzixabisa.

Uphuhliso lwezakhono: Ikunceda ukuba ufunde kwaye uqhubele phambili.

Kuphela yi-73% yabantu abaneminyaka eyi-15 ukuya kuma-64 abanemisebenzi e-Australia. Abantu abangaphangeliyo bafuna ukusebenza kwaye bafuna umsebenzi ngenkuthalo.

Ukungaqeshwa ixesha elide kunokukwenzakalisa impilo-ntle yakho, ukuzithemba kwakho, nobuchule bomsebenzi. EOstreliya, i-1% yabasebenzi bebengaphangeli isithuba esingaphezu konyaka.

Zimbini izinto ezimisela umgangatho womsebenzi: umvuzo kunye nokhuseleko.

Imivuzo: Umyinge waseOstreliya yi-USD 55,206 ngonyaka.

Ukhuseleko lomsebenzi: Ukhuseleko lwakho lomsebenzi luxhomekeke kwindlela onokuthi uphulukane nayo kwaye unokuhlala ixesha elingakanani ngaphandle komnye. Ukungaqeshwa eOstreliya kudla abasebenzi i-3.1% yomvuzo wabo.

Kwakhona, khangela Ungawufumana njani umsebenzi eOstreliya.

yemozulu

Uninzi lwaseOstreliya lunamaxesha amane onyaka, kodwa indawo esemantla ekweleenjiko inemvula nembalela. Ihlobo lisukela kweyoMnga ukuya kweyoKwindla, kunye nobushushu obuphakathi kwama-29 °C. Ukwindla ukususela ngoMatshi ukuya kuMeyi, ubusika buqala ngoJuni ukuya kuAgasti, kunye nobushushu obuphakathi kwe-13 °C, kunye nentwasahlobo ukususela ngoSeptemba ukuya kuNovemba.

Education

Imfundo ibalulekile kwintlalontle yelizwe:

Ulwazi kunye nezakhono: Ixhobisa abantu ubomi nomsebenzi.

Mathuba a mathuba: Imfundo esemgangathweni iyawaphucula amathuba emisebenzi.

Iminyaka kwiMfundo: Abantu base-Australia badla ngokufumana iminyaka eyi-20.4 yemfundo (ukusuka kwi-5 ukuya kwi-39 iminyaka).

Imiba yokuphumelela kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo njengoko iimarike zemisebenzi zifuna izakhono ezisekelwe kulwazi. EOstreliya, i-84% yabantu abadala abaneminyaka engama-25-64 bagqiba kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo.

Nangona kunjalo, amanani abaphumeleleyo awabonisi umgangatho wemfundo. I-PISA ivavanya ubuchule nolwazi. IOstreliya ifumene amanqaku angama-499 ekufundeni, kwizibalo nakwinzululwazi.

Iinkqubo zezikolo ezigqwesileyo zibonelela ngemfundo esemgangathweni kubo bonke abafundi.

Indlela eyiyo

Uhlala eOstreliya? Qwalasela le miba yokusingqongileyo:

Imingcipheko yempilo ngenxa yongcoliseko lomoya: E-Australia, i-PM2.5 yi-6.7 μg / m3 (ii-micrograms nge-cubic meter).

Amanzi: Amanzi acocekileyo abalulekile. I-92% yabemi base-UK banelisekile ngomgangatho wabo wamanzi; ke, zilumkele ezi zinto zokusingqongileyo ezinokuchaphazela impilo yakho.

Ukhathalelo lwempilo

Kwabo bahlala eOstreliya, kufanelekile ukuqaphela ukuba ixesha ekulindeleke ukuba liphile liyenyuka ngenxa yeemeko ezingcono zokuhlala, ukhathalelo lwempilo, kunye neenzame zempilo yoluntu.

IOstreliya iphila iminyaka engama-83. EOstreliya, abantu abangama-85 ekhulwini bacinga ukuba basempilweni. Ukuzivavanya kunokwahluka ngokwesini, ubudala, ubume bentlalo noqoqosho, kunye neemfuno zokhathalelo lwempilo lwexesha elizayo.

Iindleko zokuphila

Iindleko zokuphila e-Australia iyahluka kakhulu ngokwemimandla eyahlukeneyo yelizwe.

Ukuba uhlala eOstreliya njengosapho lwabane, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga yi-5,848 AUD ngaphandle kwerenti. Kumntu ongatshatanga, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga yi-1,660 AUD ngaphandle kwerenti.

EMelbourne, usapho lwabane luchitha malunga ne-6,260 AUD ngenyanga, ngelixa umntu ongatshatanga echitha malunga ne-1,751 ngenyanga (ngaphandle kwerenti).

ESydney, usapho lwabane luchitha malunga ne-6,331 AUD ngenyanga, ngelixa umntu ongatshatanga echitha malunga ne-1,784 ngenyanga (ngaphandle kwerenti).

ukhuseleko

Ukhuseleko lomntu lubalulekile kwintlalontle. Ngaba uziva ukhululekile ukuhamba wedwa ebusuku? EOstreliya, ama-67% ayeziva ekhululekile ukuhamba yedwa ebusuku.

Izinga lokubulawa kwabantu (inani lokubulawa kwabantu kwi-100,000) libonisa ngcono ukhuseleko lwelizwe kunabasemagunyeni. Izinga lokubulawa kwabantu e-Australia yi-0.9.


umthombo: OECD

Ifoto ngu kylie De Guia on Unsplash.