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Kunjani ukuhlala eMzantsi Afrika

Ukuhlala eMzantsi Afrika kukho izizathu ezininzi ezivakalayo zokwenza oko. UMzantsi Afrika wenze inkqubela phambili enkulu ekunciphiseni intlupheko ukusukela ngo-1994. Ayenzi kakuhle ingeniso, umsebenzi, imfundo, impilo, umgangatho wokusingqongileyo, ubudlelwane boluntu, ukubandakanyeka koluntu, ukhuseleko kunye nolonwabo ebomini.

Ungalungela nantoni na ukuba uqwalasela imiba eyakhayo kunye nengalunganga kwangaphambili. Thatha umzuzwana ujonge ukuba kunjani ukuhlala eMzantsi Afrika.

Bunjani ubomi

Zininzi izinto ekufuneka uzithathele ingqalelo ukuba ufuna ukuhlala eMzantsi Afrika:

  • indawo yokuhlala
  •  Employment
  •  yemozulu
  •  Education
  • Indlela eyiyo
  •  ukhuseleko
  •  Ukhathalelo lwempilo
  •  Iindleko zokuphila

indawo yokuhlala

Ukuba uceba ukuhlala eMzantsi Afrika, kufuneka wazi apho uhlala khona. Izindlu zibonelela ngekhusi, kodwa zingaphezulu kweendonga ezine kunye nophahla. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ukufikeleleka kwekhaya kuyinkxalabo.

Indawo yokuhlala idla ngokuba yeyona nkcitho yosapho kumakhaya amaninzi xa ubandakanya irente, igesi, umbane, amanzi, ifanitshala kunye nokulungisa. UMzantsi Afrika uchitha i-18% yengeniso yawo ehlengahlengisiweyo kwizindlu.

Ukuxinana kungonakalisa impilo yabantwana, ubuhlobo kunye nokukhula. Izindlu ezixineneyo zihlala zibonisa amanzi amdaka kunye nogutyulo.

Kwakhona, qwalasela iimeko zokuhlala njenge-avareji yenani lamagumbi okwabelwana ngawo ngomntu ngamnye kwaye ukuba amakhaya anezinto eziluncedo ezisisiseko.

Indlu eqhelekileyo yaseMzantsi Afrika inamagumbi amancinci kumntu ngamnye. Nangona kunjalo, ama-64% anezindlu zangasese zangasese ezinezihlanjwa zangaphakathi.

Funda ngokugqithisileyo: 

Ungayifumana njani indlu eMzantsi Afrika

Urenta njani indlu eMzantsi Afrika

Uyithenga njani indlu eMzantsi Afrika

Employment

Ukuba nomsebenzi kuneengenelo ezininzi ezibalulekileyo:

Ingeniso: Ibonelela ngomthombo wemali.

Ukubandakanywa ekuhlaleni: Yenza abantu bazive benxibelelene.

Ukumisela iinjongo: Ikuvumela ukuba ufezekise iinjongo zakho.

Ubuwena: Ikhuthaza ukuzixabisa.

Uphuhliso lwezakhono: Ikunceda ukuba ufunde kwaye uqhubele phambili.

Kuphela yi-39% yabantu abaneminyaka eyi-15 ukuya kuma-64 abasebenzayo eMzantsi Afrika. Abantu abangaphangeliyo bafuna ukusebenza kwaye bafuna umsebenzi ngenkuthalo.

Ukungaqeshwa ixesha elide kunokukwenzakalisa impilo-ntle yakho, ukuzithemba kwakho, nobuchule bomsebenzi. EMzantsi Afrika, i-17.9% yabasebenzi bebengaphangeli isithuba esingaphezu konyaka.

Zimbini izinto ezimisela umgangatho womsebenzi: umvuzo kunye nokhuseleko.

Imivuzo: Umyinge waseMzantsi Afrika yi-USD 49,165 ngonyaka.

Ukhuseleko lomsebenzi: Ukhuseleko lwakho lomsebenzi luxhomekeke kwindlela onokuthi uphulukane nayo kwaye unokuhlala ixesha elingakanani ngaphandle komnye. Ukungaqeshwa eMzantsi Afrika kubangela ilahleko yomvuzo.

Khangela kwakhona: Ungawufumana njani umsebenzi eMzantsi Afrika.

yemozulu

Imozulu yaseMzantsi Afrika iyahluka ukusuka kwitropikhi ecaleni konxweme olusempuma ukuya kwintlango kunye nendawo eyinkqantosi emntla-ntshona. Ngokuqhelekileyo, imvula inetha phakathi ukuya ekupheleni kukaSeptemba ukuya ekuqaleni kuka-Epreli, nangona kumzantsi-ntshona kufutshane neKapa, ​​inehla ukusuka ekupheleni kuka-Epreli ukuya ekuqaleni kukaSeptemba.

Education

Imfundo ibalulekile kwintlalontle yelizwe:

Ulwazi kunye nezakhono: Ixhobisa abantu ubomi nomsebenzi.

Mathuba a mathuba: Imfundo esemgangathweni iyawaphucula amathuba emisebenzi.

Iminyaka kwiMfundo: Abantu baseMzantsi Afrika bachitha ixesha elincinane esikolweni phakathi kweminyaka emi-5 ukuya kwengama-39.

Imiba yokuphumelela kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo njengoko iimarike zemisebenzi zifuna izakhono ezisekelwe kulwazi. EMzantsi Afrika, i-48% yabantu abadala abaneminyaka engama-25-64 bagqiba isikolo samabanga aphakamileyo.

Nangona kunjalo, amanani abaphumeleleyo awabonisi umgangatho wemfundo. I-PISA igxile ekufundeni, kwizibalo, nakwisayensi ngo-2018 njengoko uphando lubonisa ukuba ezi zakhono zizalathisi ezingcono zempilo yezoqoqosho nentlalontle kuneminyaka yesikolo.

Iinkqubo zezikolo ezinkulu zibonelela ngemfundo esemgangathweni kubo bonke abafundi.

Indlela eyiyo

Uhlala eMzantsi Afrika? Nangona ukukhutshwa okubalulekileyo kongcoliseko kuncitshisiwe kwinqanaba lesizwe nelangaphandle, iziphumo zempilo zongcoliseko lomoya ezidolophini ziya zisiba mbi. Cinga ngendlela ungcoliseko lomoya oluya kuyichaphazela ngayo impilo yethu ukuba oku kuyaqhubeka.

Qwalasela le miba yokusingqongileyo:

Imingcipheko yempilo ngenxa yongcoliseko lomoya: EMzantsi Afrika, i-PM2.5 yi-28.5 μg/m3 (iimicrograms per cubic meter).

Amanzi: Amanzi acocekileyo abalulekile. I-72% yabemi boMzantsi Afrika bonelisekile bumgangatho wabo wamanzi; ke, zilumkele ezi zinto zokusingqongileyo ezinokuchaphazela impilo yakho.

Ukhathalelo lwempilo

Kwabo bahlala eMzantsi Afrika, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba ixesha lokuphila liye linyuka ngenxa yeemeko zokuphila ezingcono, ukhathalelo lwempilo, kunye neenzame zempilo yoluntu.

Umyinge wobomi babemi boMzantsi Afrika yiminyaka engama-64. EMzantsi Afrika, abantu bacinga ukuba basempilweni. Ukuzivavanya kunokwahluka ngokwesini, ubudala, ubume bentlalo noqoqosho, kunye neemfuno zokhathalelo lwempilo lwexesha elizayo.

Iindleko zokuphila

Iindleko zokuphila eMzantsi Afrika yahluka kakhulu ngokwemimandla eyahlukeneyo yelizwe.

Ukuba uhlala eMzantsi Afrika njengosapho lwabane, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga ngama-35,179 ZAR ngaphandle kwerenti. Kumntu omnye, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga yi-10,206 ZAR ngaphandle kwerenti.

Ukuba nihlala eKapa njengosapho lwabane, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga ngama-36,230 ZAR ngaphandle kwerenti. Kumntu omnye, i-avareji yeendleko zenyanga yi-10,322 ZAR ngaphandle kwerenti.

ukhuseleko

Ukhuseleko lomntu lubalulekile kwintlalontle. Ngaba uziva ukhululekile ukuhamba wedwa ebusuku? EMzantsi Afrika, ama-40% aziva ekhululekile ukuhamba yedwa ebusuku.

Izinga lokubulawa kwabantu (inani labantu abagetyelwe ngabantu abayi-100,000) ngumzekelo ongcono wokhuseleko lwelizwe kunabasemagunyeni. Izinga lokubulawa kwabantu eMzantsi Afrika li-13.7.


umthombo: OECD

Ifoto ngu Sebastián León Prado on Unsplash.